International Crane Foundation

 

Brolga

Grus rubicunda

HEIGHT: ~ 161 cm, 5 ft
WEIGHT: ~ 6 kg, 13 lbs
WINGSPAN: ~ 180 cm, 6 ft
POPULATION: 50,000 – 100,000
TREND: Unknown
STATUS: IUCN: LC; Cites Appendix II

FUN FACT

A salt gland located near the eye allows the Brolga to excrete a concentrated salt solution from the saltwater they drink.

IDENTIFICATION

Adults – bare crown covered with greenish grey skin, face, cheeks and pendulous throat pouch have red skin, plumage is light bluish grey to grey, black legs; juveniles – pale grey body feathers, cinnamon-brown head, dark brown eyes.

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RANGE

The Brolga occurs throughout northern and eastern Australia and in limited areas of Papua New Guinea. There are also small populations in southeastern Australia. Brolgas are non-migratory but move in response to seasonal rains.

 

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DIET

Bulkuru tubers, wetland plants, upland plants and grains, insects, mollusks, crustaceans and frogs.


THREATS

Habitat loss, prolonged drought and desertification, especially related to climate change.


OUR PLAN

Monitoring the status of cranes and their habitats from South Asia to Australia and implementing conservation strategies to address emerging threats. We are:

  • Using range-wide networking and periodic workshops to share information, and develop and test solutions to common threats in different crane landscapes.

HOW YOU CAN HELP

Become a member of the International Crane Foundation.


Learn more about the Brolga:

Johnsgard PA. 1983. Cranes of the world. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Meine CD, Archibald GW. 1996. The cranes: status survey and conservation action plan. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.