International Crane Foundation


Amur-Heilong River

Red-crowned Cranes, Zhalong

Wetlands within the Amur-Heilong River basin provide important breeding grounds for the
endangered Red-crowned Crane. Photo by Wang Keju

Why We Care

Amur-Heilong River locator mapThe Amur-Heilong is home to some of the world’s outstanding wetlands – including Zhalong, Momoge, Xianghai, and Dalai Lake National Nature Reserves in China; Muraviovka Park and Daurski Nature Reserve in Russia; and Daguurun Nature Reserve in Mongolia. These and neighboring wetlands provide the most important breeding grounds for Endangered Red-crowned and Vulnerable White-naped Cranes, as well as vital migration staging areas for almost all of the Critically Endangered Siberian Crane.


What We Do

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ICF is developing water management plans to address the greatest threat to these wetlands in the Amur-Heilong Basin – water shortages caused by the diversion of river inflows to thirsty cities, the conversion of floodplains to agriculture, and other water developments.


Water diversion, XianghaiWater diversion for cities and farmland threatens wetlands used by cranes and other wildlife in the Amur-Heilong River basin.


The Amur-Heilong River forms the border between Far Eastern Russia and northeastern China. Large areas have been set aside to protect wetlands and their abundant wildlife in the river basin; however management of these areas is difficult due to water use outside the protected areas.

Our challenge in the Amur-Heilong River basin is to develop water management plans that address the needs of both wildlife and people, as water needed to sustain the wetlands and cranes also supports nearby communities and agricultural lands.

Read the Story


Purple iris, Muraviovka Park

Purple iris, Muraviovka Park, Russia.